Fact Sheets

Frequently Asked Questions

Visit this page to review the answers to frequently asked questions about back pain and its treatment.

Your Back

"Your Back and Your Back Pain" looks at the anatomy of the spine and provides an overview of different types of back pain.

Facts About Back Pain

Back pain is common! As a result of this many people you know will have had similar pain and are likely to provide advice, suggest certain remedies and treatments. Unfortunately not all the advice you obtain in this way will be correct. This page contains some facts about back pain and its treatment.

Controlling Back Pain

If you suffer from back pain, slight modification in the way you go about your activities may help you cope with your symptoms.

When To Seek Help

It is normal to be concerned about the development of back, neck, arm or leg pain, but in the majority of cases pain will settle without the need for intervention.  This page contains information that will help you decide if, and what type of assistance is required.

"Essential" Exercises

Exercise should be a part of your daily routine. By improving and then maintaining the fitness of the muscles that support the spine you will reduce your chance of experiencing back pain, and limit the frequency and severity of episodes of pain.

Epidural Steroid Injection

The term “epidural injection”, in reference to the management of back and leg pain refers to the injection of a corticosteroid into the epidural space as a means of treating the pain caused by irritation of the spinal nerves.


Discography is a radiological investigation that is sometimes used to determine the source of discogenic back pain i.e. pain arising from the injury to the disc itself rather than from other structures in the region.

Spinal Surgery

Surgery should be considered as the last resort in the management of spinal disorders, and should not be looked upon as a "cure" for back and neck pain. The success of surgery can not be guaranteed, and in many cases surgery is not feasible or practical in the treatment of extensive degenerative disease.

Spinal Deformity

The management of spinal deformity is challenging but rewarding.  The cause of the deformity may be unknown as in "Idiopathic Scoliosis", develop as a result of a congenital abnormality such as a hemi-vertebra, or a systemic inflammatory condition such as Ankylosing Spondylitis.

Spondylolysis & Spondylolisthesis

Spondylolysis is a condition affecting the lumbar spine of approximately 6% of our population.  It is often an incidental finding on a plain radiograph performed to assess an episode of low back pain due to another cause.  This page explains what the condition is, its significance, and how symptoms relating to the condition are usually managed.  


All members of Adelaide Spine and Brain hold Lecturer appointments through the University of Adelaide and are actively involved in both Clinical and Basic Sciences Research.

New Developments

Professor Jones Patient Information Sheets